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Government initiative in the sector has been significant. At the Central levels NHAI is implementing National Highway Development Program (NHDP).  NRRDA is also overseeing the implementation of Rural Roads throughout the country.  Recently many of the State Governments have also made noteworthy efforts for development of State Highways and other roads.  State Governments are also creating funds through cess on petrol and diesel and other levies for the development of roads in their states.

IIDC initiative in the Sector

IIDC in road sector is working for the development of Expressways, National Highways, State Highways, Ring Roads, Rural Roads, ROB, RUB, Bridges and other projects through public private partnership. Till now IIDC has implemented/implementing about 40,000 km of Roads in various parts of the country in various capacities. The total cost of these projects is about Rs. 250 billion (USD 7 billion) and has helped the Government to leverage their funds. Some of the key projects completed by IIDC are: Punjab Road sector, Ahmadabad - Mehsana Toll Road, North Karnataka Expressway, Delhi Noida toll road etc.

IIDC is currently carrying out the Programme Management for Bihar Rural Roads (approx. 35,000 km) under PMGSY and other state sponsored schemes.  It is also carrying out project development activities for two National Highways in Bihar and Silvassa - Velugam - Sutrakar Road in Dadra & Nagar Haveli. IIDC is assisting Governments of Uttarakhand & Uttar Pradesh for implementation of ROBs by accessing the funds from Ministry of Railways.  IIDC is already under discussion with many State Governments for carrying out program management for rural roads including that of Jharkhand and Uttarakhand.



The significant increase in India's international trade during the recent years has resulted in traffic handled at Indian ports increasing at a five-year CAGR of 11.1% to approximately 649 million tonnes in fiscal 2007.  The growth in India's port traffic is expected to be sustained at approx. 12% to 15% per year during the next decade. Ports handle around 95% of India's total trade in terms of volume and 70% in terms of value.

Strong economic growth and liberalization have led to a considerable increase in domestic and international trade volumes over the past five years. As a result, the volumes being handled - and in turn movement of cargo - by Indian corporate has increased manifold.  Consequently, the requirement for transportation, handling and warehousing is growing at a robust pace and is driving demand for logistics solutions.

The cargo handling at all the ports is projected to grow at 7.7% p.a. till 2013-14 with Minor ports growing at a faster rate of 8.5% compared to 7.4% for the Major ports. The traffic estimated to reach 960 million tonnes by 2013-14. The containerized cargo is expected to grow at 17.3% over the next 9 years.


The ports are today considered as dynamic nodes in the supply chain involving complex international production / distribution network. These have become integrated transport centers and logistics platforms for international trade, and stimulate trade and regional development. These are increasingly being developed under 'Land-lord Port' and 'Private Port Model' in India.

The New Foreign Trade Policy envisages doubling of India's share in global exports in next five years to $150 billion. Growth in merchandise exports projected at over 13% p.a. underlines the need for large investments in port infrastructure.

The key policy initiatives include: (a) 100% FDI under the automatic route permitted for port development projects (b) 100% income tax exemption available for a period of 10 years (c) Tariff Authority for Major Ports (TAMP) regulates the ceiling for tariffs charged by major ports/port operators (not applicable to non-minor ports) 

The major initiative in the sector underway include a comprehensive National Maritime Policy is being formulated to lay down the vision and strategy for development of the sector till 2025. It aims at modernization and expansion of port capacities. There is an investment need of $13.5 billion in the major ports under National Maritime Development Program (NMDP) to boost infrastructure at these ports in the next nine years.

The key initiatives in Public Sector Participation include:

Significant investment on BOT basis by foreign players including Maersk (JNPT, Mumbai) and P & O Ports (JNPT, Mumbai and Chennai), Dubai Ports International (Cochin and Vishakhapatnam) and PSA Singapore (Tuticorin)
Minor ports are being developed by domestic and international private investors: Pipavav Port by Maersk and Mundra Port by Adani Group (with a terminal operated by P & O), Gangavaram under construction by consortium lead by DSV Raju.

TopIIDC Initiatives in this sector

IL&FS has been extensively engaged in the development of key ports and related projects in India in the maritime sector for over a decade. IIDC works closely with several state governments, public and private parties as well as private sector developers for developing maritime infrastructure projects including ports essentially on Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) models.

IIDC is presently involved in development of ports on the western and eastern coast of India with a total investment of over Rs 100 billion. Its role play in these initiatives extends to project feasibilities, development of private participation framework, competitive bidding for selection of private developer as well as structuring and finalisation of key project contracts. In the area of maritime sector development, IIDC works on the philosophy of integrated and holistic development.

IIDC has over the time built in house expertise in various facets of project development such as technical, legal, regulatory, environmental and financial etc, essential to ensure optimal structuring of the projects. The various services provided by IIDC include:

Screening/Scoping: Include establishing initial techno-commercial feasibility and identifying critical issues.
Procurement of Experts: Arranging domestic/ International technical expertise
Preparation of Project Documentation: Includes preparation of a comprehensive project document.
Preparation of Business Plan: Includes Marketing Strategy, Competition Analysis, Vertical Integration, etc.
Due Diligence/ Appraisal:  Project Proposal
Bid Process Management: After taking all the statutory clearances, extensive marketing and competitive bidding will be undertaken to identify the Developer/ Operator.
Awarding of the Project: After due- diligence and evaluation the project will be awarded to the successful bidder for implementation.
Partner Search: Arranging and negotiations with Co-developer, Operator
Financial closure: Mobilization of equity, Debt, etc to achieve financial closure
Monitoring/Supervision: During construction and thereafter during concession period

Port Projects

Development of International Deepwater Seaport and Container Trans-shipment Terminal at Vizhinjam Port
Location: Kerala
IL&FS as Project Advisor to Govt. of Kerala assisting in project development and structuring
  Initial Phase - A total of 6 berths including:
Container Terminals (for 2 main and 3 feeder vessels)
1 Multipurpose Terminal (feeder/general cargo/passenger)
Estimated total investment in Initial Phase - Rs. 23.90 bn (US$ 575 million or Euro 430 million)
Estimated total investment in ultimate development - Rs. 53.40 bn 
The USP of the Project include: 
Proximity to international sea route
Natural water depth upto 24 m in one nautical mile of coast
Least Littoral transport: low dredging requirement
Natural all-weather harbour advantage
Immediacy to national/regional road, rail network
Flexibility in design and expansion being Greenfield project
Close to Thiruvananthapuram city that has an International airport, human resource and social infrastructure
Proposals from five consortia/parties of international repute have been received and being evaluated
Development of Gangavaram Port
Location: 15 kms south of Visakhapatnam Port (Andhra Pradesh)
Gangavaram Port Limited incorporated as the Special Purpose Company to develop the Port
Port to be developed as an all-weather deepwater multipurpose port
The Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC) has entered into a Project Development and Promotion Partnership (PDPP) with IL&FS to develop the project.

TopSalient Features of Initial Phase Development

6 berths (Iron-ore 1; Coal 2; Other Dry  Bulk 1; Multipurpose 1; Containers 1)
Depth in harbour   -  21 m
Design vessel size   - 200,000 DWT (Largest that can berth at any Indian Port)
Harbour water spread area   -  400 acres

Present Status

Concession Agreement Signed with  Consortium lead by DSV Raju in August 2003
Financial Closure Achieved
Construction activities began
Development of Dighi Port
Location: Dighi Bay of Rajpuri Creek, about 50 nautical miles South of JNPT
Promoter: Balaji Infrastructure Projects Limited (BIPL)
BIPL has incorporated an SPV - Dighi Port Ltd (DPL) for developing and implementing the Project.
Role of IL&FS as Co-Developer and Advisor to the Project:
Part Finance the Project 
Identify Strategic Investors/Partners
Assist in Project Development 
Develop the Business Plan
Develop the Financing Strategy
Mobilize Financing
Present Status
Substantial parts of the Engineering studies have been completed. Balance studies are underway.
All the approvals including approval from Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India have been obtained.
Discussions are on with potential Users, Sub-Concessionaires for berths and Partners for developing the transportation links.
Development of Rewas Aware Port
Location: South of the Karanja Creek (Maharashtra) about 10 km South of JNPT.
Promoter: Amma Lines Ltd. (ALL)
Project: All weather deep draft port to be implemented in 3 phases with initial phase investment of Rs. 40 bn
Role of IL&FS as Co-Developer and Project Advisor:
Part Finance the Project 
Identify Strategic Investors/Partners
Assist in Project Development 
Develop the Business Plan
Develop the Financing Strategy
Mobilize Financing
Present Status
IL&FS and ALL have jointly incorporated an SPV for project development.
Substantial part of the Engineering studies has been completed.
Environment related studies are complete.
Public Hearings were successfully completed.
Work is underway for obtaining approval under Coastal Zone Management Plan from the Government of Maharashtra.
Discussions are on with potential Users, Sub-Concessionaires for berths and Partners for developing the transportation links.
Development of Deep Sea Port in West Bengal
Ministry of Shipping, Road Transport & Highways (MoSRTH) nominated Department of Shipping (DoS) as Nodal Agency to develop a Modern Deep Sea Port on Coastline of West Bengal through Private Sector Participation (PSP)
The deep sea green-field port with complete range of services and facilities is proposed
As the existing draft at Haldia/ Kolkata Dock System not suitable for handling large and modern vessels AND
To meet growing demand of port facilities due to accelerated economic growth
DoS proposes to appoint a Consultant for preparation of Detailed Project Report and Master Plan for the proposed project, including project management of implementation
DoS retained IL&FS to handhold DoS and Indian Ports Association (IPA) in above consultant selection process
  TopPresent Status
IL&FS in consultation with DoS prepared the RFP
RFP to be issued to the shortlisted consultants
Development of Cruise Tourism
  IIDC is envisaging and partnering development of cruise tourism through development of related terminal infrastructure and support facilities. Some of the key initiatives include cruise terminal destination development in Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Diu etc.

Key Clients :

IIDC provides services to various Port Trusts/ Authorities, Maritime Boards/ Agencies, Private Developers / Entrepreneurs. The key clients include:

Ministry of Shipping, Road Transport & Highways (MoSRTH), Government of India
Department of Ports, Government of Kerala
Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC)

TopInland Water Transport

India has an extensive network of rivers, lakes and canals. WAI / GOI are undertaking various investment projects towards fairway development, provision of terminals, navigational aids etc. IIDC has worked on and is working on project development of IWT with attendant infrastructure including devising the management structure. IIDC 's approach would involve all aspects from creating project concepts stage to taking these towards their implementation and beyond. Its projects include Haldia - Farakka Coal Movement on Inland Waterways (West Bengal).




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